Most Independent Roofing Contractors Train Phoenix Roofers

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Independent Roofers

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Phoenix Roofers



Triangle Roofing Company train their craftsmen-orientated roofers to repair and install roofs made from a combination of some of the following: foam, metal, tile, copper, roof coatings, elastomeric, shingle and shake—all of which protect buildings and their contents from water damage.

A leaky roof can damage ceilings, walls, and furnishings. Repairs and replacing old roofs on existing buildings—make up the majority of work for Phoenix roofers.

There are two types of roofs; flat and pitched. Flat roofs rise 1 inches or less per horizontal foot and are installed in layers of foam and coating. Pitched roofs rise more than 2 inches per horizontal foot and are usually covered in shingles, metal and tile.

For commercial in Arizona most, industrial, hotels, resorts, apartments and government buildings contain flat roofs, while the majority of residential houses in Carefree, Cave Creek, Fountain Hills, Paradise Valley, Phoenix and Scottsdale have pitched tile roofs. Some roofers train for work on both types.

Most flat roofs are covered with several layers of materials. Roofers begin by installing a layer of foam insulation on the roof deck, followed by applying a base coating like substance called elastomeric on top of it. Next, they apply a top coat—a UV rated elastomeric.

A lot of older flat roofs are covered with single-ply membranes of waterproof rubber or thermoplastic compounds. Roofers roll these sheets over the roof's insulation and seal the seams. Adhesive, mechanical fasteners. For these most some roofers will apply a to a loose or leaking seam, a fabric embedded in the elastomeric.


Nature of the Work About this section

A small but increasing number of buildings around the Phoenix area now have “green” roofs that incorporate landscape roofing systems. A landscape roofing system begins with a single or multiply waterproof layer. After it is proven to be leak free, roofers put a root barrier over it, and then layers of soil, in which trees and grass are planted. Roofers are responsible for making sure the roof is watertight and can endure the weight and water needs of the plants.

Most residential pitched roofs are covered with tiles. To apply tiles, roofers first lay, cut, and tack 3-foot strips of roofing felt over the entire roof. Starting from the bottom edge, roofers then nail overlapping rows of tiles to the roof. Roofers measure and cut the felt and tiles to fit intersecting roof surfaces and to fit around vent pipes and chimneys.

Wherever two sections of the roof meet each other at an angle or where tiles reach a vent pipe or chimney, roofers cement or nail flashing-strips of metal over the joints to make them watertight. Finally, roofers cover exposed nail-heads with roofing cement or caulking to prevent water leakage. A similar process is used when installing metal shingles, or shakes (rough wooden shingles).

Some local roofers specialize in waterproofing or dampproofing masonry and concrete walls, floors, and foundations. To prepare surfaces for waterproofing, they hammer and chisel away rough spots or remove them with a rubbing brick before applying a coat of liquid waterproofing compound. They also may paint or spray surfaces with a waterproofing material or attach waterproofing membrane to surfaces. Roofers usually spray a acrylic based coating on interior or exterior surfaces when dampproofing.

Work environment for independent roofing contractors for roofing work is strenuous. It involves heavy lifting, as well as climbing, bending, and kneeling. Roofers work outdoors in all types of weather, particularly when making repairs. However, they rarely work when it rains or in very cold weather because ice can be dangerous. In northern Arizona, roofing work is generally not performed during winter months. During the summer, roofers may work overtime to complete jobs quickly, especially before forecasted rainfall.

Workers risk slips or falls from scaffolds, ladders, or roofs, and burns from hot bitumen, but safety precautions can prevent most accidents. In addition, Arizona roofs can become extremely hot during the summer, causing heat-related illnesses. Data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics show that full-time roofers experienced a work-related injury and illness rate that was much higher in the Phoenix area than the national average.

Training, Other Qualifications, and Advancement

Most roofers learn their skills on the job by working as helpers for experienced roofers and by taking classes, including safety training offered by their employers; some complete 3-year apprenticeships.

Education and training. A high school education, or its equivalent, is helpful and so are courses in mechanical drawing and basic mathematics. Although most workers learn roofing as helpers for experienced independent roofing contractors and their workers, some roofers train through 3-year apprenticeship programs administered by local union-management committees representing independent roofing contractors and local roofing companies. Apprenticeship programs usually include at least 2,000 hours of paid long-term on-the-job training each year, plus a minimum of 144 hours of classroom instruction a year in tools and their use, arithmetic, safety, and other topics. On-the-job training for apprentices is similar to the training given to helpers, but an apprenticeship program is more structured and comprehensive. Apprentices, for example, also learn to dampproof and waterproof walls.

Trainees start by carrying equipment and material and erecting scaffolds and hoists. Within 2 or 3 months, they are taught to measure, cut, and fit roofing materials and, later, to lay asphalt or fiberglass shingles. Because some roofing materials are used infrequently, such as solar tiles, it can take several years to get experience working on all types of roofing.

Other qualifications. Physical condition and strength, along with good balance, are essential for roofers. They cannot be afraid of heights. Experience with metal-working is helpful for workers who install metal roofing. Usually, apprentices must be at least 18 years old.

Advancement. Roofers may advance to become supervisors or estimators for a independent roofing contractors or become independent contractors themselves.


Roofers held about 148,900 jobs in 2008. About 70 percent of all salaried roofers worked for roofing contractors, while only 21 percent were self-employed. Many independent roofing contractors “roofers” specialized in residential work.

Job Outlook

Most job openings will occur from turnover because the work is hot, strenuous, and dirty, causing many people to switch to jobs in other construction trades. Independent roofing contractors change a lot. Employment of roofers is expected to grow 4 percent between 2008 and 2018, slower than the average for all occupations.

Roofs deteriorate faster than most other parts of buildings and, as a result, they need to be repaired or replaced more often. In addition to repair work, the need to install roofs on new buildings may result in some job growth. So as building construction increases, some demand for roofers can be expected.

Employment growth, nonetheless, may be impeded because a greater proportion of roofing work may be completed by other construction workers as opposed to independent roofes.

Job prospects. Job opportunities for roofers will occur primarily because of the need to replace workers who leave the occupation. The proportion of roofers who leave the occupation each year is higher than in most construction trades—roofing work is hot, strenuous, and dirty, and a considerable number of workers treat roofing as a temporary job until they find other work. Some roofers leave the occupation to go into other construction trades. Jobs should be easier to find during spring and summer.

Independent roofing contractors employment of roofers who install new roofs, like that of many other construction workers, is sensitive to fluctuations of the economy. Workers may experience periods of unemployment when the overall level of construction falls. On the other hand, shortages of these workers may occur in some areas during peak periods of building activity. Nevertheless, roofing work is more heavily concentrated in repair and replacement rather than new installation, making demand for roofing less vulnerable to downturns than demand for some other construction trades.

In May 2008, median hourly wages of roofers were $16.17. The middle 50 percent earned between $12.97 and $21.98. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $10.63, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $28.46. Median hourly wages of roofers in the foundation, structure, and building exterior contractors industry were $16.26. Earnings may be less on occasions when poor weather limits the time roofers can work.

Apprentices usually begin earning about 40 percent to 50 percent of the rate paid to experienced roofers. They receive periodic raises as they master the skills of the trade.

Some roofers are members of United Union of Roofers, Waterproofers, and Allied Workers. Hourly wages and fringe benefits are generally much lower for union workers.

Roofers use shingles, tile, bitumen and gravel, single-ply plastic or rubber sheets, or other materials to protect and waterproof building surfaces.

Triangle Roofing Company Phoenix, Arizona Roofing Contractor License Roc#0219242 and Bonded

Most roofer’s learn their skills from independent roofing contractors in the Phoenix area on the job. Some roofer’s train through Triangle Roofing Company’s 3 year apprenticeship. Demand for roofer’s is less vulnerable to economic downturns.

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